Workstation design must take account of the product itself, the process required for that product and the actual human being doing the work. The design must place equal priority on the minimization of process waste and on providing employees with an ergonomic work environment.
This is why geometry and functionality are important in the layout of the workstation. The product being fabricated and the person doing the work are the benchmarks in defining workstation height, width and depth as well as for positioning lighting and material supply equipment. Support accessories such as information boards are then added to ensure that the right information is available at the right place.
A basic facet of workstation design involves the encouragement of alternating, dynamic activity. Static activity inhibits blood circulation and oxygen supply to the muscles. Alternating physical exertion reduces stress on the employee and increases performance.